Because all good things need to be duplicated ...
originally posted @plataformatec.com
by José Valim
When Rails 3.0 came out, one of the features that people suddenly missed was the ability to better handle exceptions. The issue was: since Rails 3 became a lot more Rack fluent, we had to move some features to the middleware stack and this forced us to move the whole exceptions handling as well.
Rails 3.2 attempts to bring some customization back to the game by allowing you to set your own exceptions rack application that is invoked when a failure happens. For instance, you could set the exceptions application to your own router in your
config.exceptions_app = self.routes
Now, every time there is an exception, your router is going to be invoked. Therefore, to render custom 404 pages, you could simply add to your router:
match "/404", :to => "errors#not_found"
And implement the logic in the controller as you wish! However, there are a few things to keep in mind if you go down this road:
- You need to use match in your routes and not get/post/put/delete because such exceptions can happen in any HTTP request;
- You won’t be able to see your custom exceptions in development unless you set
config/environments/development.rb. The reason is, if the request is considered local, Rails will always favor to show the debug exceptions page;
- You can always access the original exception in the controller at
- It is not possible to set cookies, the session nor the flash after an exception happens. They all were already serialized back to the client;
- Finally, the default exceptions application used by Rails that simply renders a page in
public/STATUS.htmlis available here: action_dispatch/middleware/public_exceptions.rb
Remember that whatever you do in the errors controller, it should not be anything “fancy”. Keep it simple because something already went wrong with your application!
Don't forget the controller
In this example I am using the following
Inside that, I will have the following:
class ErrorsController < ApplicationController def render_404 end def render_500 end end